Typhoid fever surveillance in Africa program: Healthcare patterns in febrile study populations


U. Panzner, G.D. Pak, J. Im, J. Deerin, A. Soura, A. Aseffa, P. Aaby, R. Rakotozandrindrainy, A. Gassama, N. Gasmelseed, J. Crump, L.M. Cruz Espinoza, V. von Kalckreuth, T. Wierzba, F. Marks


Background: The Typhoid Fever Surveillance in Africa Program (TSAP) aims at implementing passive surveillance of febrile bacterial bloodstream infections at sites in 10 sub-Saharan African countries to estimate the burden of typhoid fever, a vaccine-preventable disease of still uncertain morbidity and mortality. Findings of cross-sectional healthcare utilization surveys (HCUS) conducted in catchment areas of seven sites (Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Guinea Bissau, Madagascar, Senegal, Sudan and Tanzania) are presented.


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