The immunological potential of extracellular vesicles produced by Gram-negative bacteria, the so-called outer-membrane vesicles (OMVs), can be improved by genetic engineering, resulting in vesicles containing multiple immunogens. The potential of this approach for the development of a vaccine candidate for enteric fever was recently demonstrated by G. Gasperini, R. Alfini, V. Arato, F. Mancini, et al. (Infect Immun 89:e00699-20, 2021, https://doi.org/10.1128/IAI.00699-20). This commentary will discuss the use of OMVs to generate vaccines for enteric fever and the promise of this approach for prevention of other infectious diseases.
Click here to read the article, published in the American Society for Microbiology.