The survival of Salmonella in subtropical river water depends on genetic and metabolic reorganization for the expression of alternative metabolic pathways in response to starvation, which allows Salmonella to use environmental carbon sources (C-sources). However, knowledge regarding the metabolic plasticity of Salmonella serotypes for C-source utilization when exposed to these conditions remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the metabolic response and level of environmental C-source consumption by environmental Salmonella (Oranienburg and Saintpaul) and clinical Salmonella (Typhi) serotypes by comparing laboratory growth against exposure to river water conditions. Metabolic characterization was performed using a Biolog® EcoPlateTM containing 31 C-sources. The results obtained under laboratory growth conditions showed that environmental serotypes used 74.1% of the C-sources, whereas the clinical serotype used 45.1%. In contrast, in river water, all strains used up to 96.7% of the C-sources. Salmonella exposure to river water increases its capacity to use environmental C-sources.
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