Small non-coding RNA STnc640 regulates expression of fimA fimbrial gene and virulence of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis


Xia Meng, Xianchen Meng, Jinqiu Wang, Heng Wang, Chunhong Zhu, Jie Ni, Guoqiang Zhu


Small non-coding RNAs (sRNAs) regulate bacterial gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. STnc640 is a type of sRNA that was identified in Salmonella Typhimurium.
In this study, STnc640 in Salmonella Enteritidis was confirmed to be an Hfq-dependent sRNA. TargetRNA software analysis showed that fimbrial genes fimA and bcfA were likely to be the target genes of STnc640. To investigate the target mRNAs and function of STnc640 in pathogenicity, we constructed the deletion mutant strain 50336stnc640 and the complemented strain 50336stnc640/pstnc640 in Salmonella Enteritidis 50336. The RT-qPCR results showed that the mRNA level of fimA was decreased, while bcfA was unchanged in 50336stnc640 compared with that in the wild type (WT) strain. The adhesion ability of 50336stnc640 to Caco-2 cells was increased compared to the 50336 WT strain. The virulence of 50336stnc640 was enhanced in a one-day-old chicken model of S. Enteritidis disease as determined by quantifying the 50% lethal dose (LD50) of the bacterial strains. The results demonstrate that STnc640 contributes to the virulence of Salmonella Enteritidis.

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