Salmonellosis is an important food borne disease of public health significance. Global estimates of the disease burden shows more than 20 million cases and 0.15 million deaths annually. The disease caused by a variety of Salmonella organisms worldwide. Salmonella pathogens are belonging to family Enterobacteriaceae that are known to infect many hosts inducing variable clinical diseases pictures. Typhoidal and non-typhoidal Salmonellae are common diseases among Egyptians with severe socioeconomic losses. Different species of animals and poultry as well as their products are the main sources and reservoirs for zoonotic human illness. Enteric fever and gastroenteritis are the main clinical manifestations in patients. Great attention toward salmonellosis drug resistance, prevention and control should be considered.
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