Results after surgical management of ileal perforation due to typhoid fever, about 29 cases in Ouahigouya (Burkina Faso)


Kambire JL, Ouedraogo S, Ouedraogo S, Ouangre E, Traore SS


The aim of this study was to determine the results of management of typhoid perforations. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study carried out from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016 in the General Surgery Department of the Regional Teaching Hospital Center of Ouahigouya (Burkina Faso). It involved 29 operated patients, in whom the diagnosis of typhoid perforation was confirmed at laparotomy: age, sex, admission time, clinical, therapeutic and prognostic aspects were analyzed. Typhoid perforations accounted for 20% of acute generalized peritonitis and 38.1% of digestive perforations. Twenty-three patients were males and six were females (sex-ratio: 3.8). The average age of patients was 19 years. The mean diagnostic time was 9.8 days. The excision-suture of the perforation was the most used technique with 62% of the cases. The treatment lead to complications in 10 cases with a morbidity of 34.5%. Four deaths were recorded, representing an overall mortality of 13.8%. Prognostic factors were diagnostic delay, age, number of perforations and resection-anastomosis.

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