Here we demonstrate a facile and versatile fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) based aptasensor for rapid detection of Salmonella paratyphi A. The assay shows a detection limit up to 10 cfu·mL-1 with no cross-reactivity with other bacterial species. Less than 8% of inter-assay coefficient variance and recovery rate between 85 and 102% attests the assay reliability. The advantages of FRET-based aptamer assay over the conventional immunoassay formats such as ELISA are the specificity, speed, reliability, and simplicity of the assay. The ssDNA aptamers specific towards pathogenic Salmonella paratyphi A were generated via whole-cell SELEX. The aptamer was conjugated onto quantum dot (QD) that served as the molecular beacon and graphene oxide (GO) was used as a fluorescence quencher. Thus the proposed method enables detection of target pathogen using FRET-based assay. Further interaction of aptamer with pathogen protein DNA gyrase was explored using classical molecular dynamics simulation.
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