Increase in paratyphoid fever cases in Japanese travellers returning from Cambodia in 2013


T. Saitoh, M. Morita, T. Shimada, H. Izumiya, A. Kanayama, K. Oishi, M. Ohnishi and T. Sunagawa


In 2013, an unusual increase of paratyphoid fever cases in travelers returning from Cambodia was reported in Japan. From December 2012 to September 2013, 18 cases of Salmonella Paratyphi A infection were identified. Microbiological analyses revealed that most isolates had the same clonal identity, although the epidemiological link between these cases remains unclear. It was inferred that the outbreak was caused by a common and persistent source in Cambodia that was likely to have continued during 2014. The information of surveillance and laboratory data from cases arising in travellers from countries with limited surveillance systems should be timely shared with the country of origin.


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