Clinico-Epidemiological Profile of Confirmed Cases of Enteric fever in Rural area of central India


Veena Maheshwari, Navinchandra Motiram Kaore and V K Ramnani


Enteric Fever is a systemic disease caused by Salmonella typhi and Salmonella paratyphi, though occurs in all parts of the world, is endemic in many developing countries. It is a significant cause of morbidity in India. The disease can lead to complications like Intestinal perforation, haemorrhage, circulatory collapse requiring hospitalisation. Enteric Fever mainly is a disease of older children and young adults. So this study was undertaken to study the Clinico-epidemiological and Socio-demographic features among enteric fever cases. The study was conducted with objectives to study the Clinico-epidemiological and Socio-demographic features among enteric fever cases. A Cross-sectional, analytical study was carried out in the Department of Microbiology, People’s College of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bhopal from Nov 2011 to June 2013. There were total 163 clinically suspected patients of enteric fever who were evaluated. A total of 104 patients were confirmed further using Reference Standard. Out of 104 confirmed enteric fever cases, majority (30.76%) were in the age group of >10-20 years. Males outnumbered the females giving M:F ratio of 1.2:1. A significant association was found between educational status, socioeconomic status with the development of enteric fever. All confirmed cases reported with fever. Around( 53.84%) had complaint of Abdominal Pain and Diarrhea. Amongst clinical signs elicited, (81.73% ) presented with Pallor. Conclusion: – Thus present study found majority of patients in the age group between 10-20 years (school children and adolescents). There was significant association of educational status, socioeconomic status with the development of enteric fever.


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