Isolation and Characterization of a Lytic Salmonella paratyphi Phage and Its Antibiofilm Activity Individually or Collaborative With Kanamycin Sulfate


Liming JiangRui Zheng 


Salmonella is among the most serious of foodborne pathogens worldwide and distributed widely in the natural environment; in addition, it has caused severe medical problems and foodborne diseases. Bacterial biofilm was the multicellular community of microorganisms that attached to nonbiological and biological surfaces. Phages and their derivatives are ideal candidates for replacing and compensating antibiotic resistance problems in the future. In this study, a virulent phage of KM15 was isolated from pig slaughterhouse sump samples in Kunming, China. It belonged to the Siphoviridae family, and optimal growth temperature was 42°C, the pH of optimal preservation buffer was 6-7, optimal multiplicity of infection was 0.0001, and the genome size was 41,869 bp. The Salmonella paratyphi A and Salmonella paratyphi B have a broad spectrum of antibiotic resistance and were isolated from clinical patients in the First People’s Hospital of Yunnan Province; fortunately, most of them can be lysed by phage KM15. Collaboration of phage KM15 and kanamycin sulfate has a better antibiofilm effect than KM15 and kanamycin sulfate alone, in low-concentration bacterial culture; KM15 has better antibiofilm effect than kanamycin sulfate in high-concentration bacterial culture. The data of this study provided a strong evidence of application of phage to reduce the growth of Salmonella biofilm, which was important for public health.

Click here to read the article, published in Viral Immunology.