Zida M, Ouedraogo T, Bandre E, Bonkoungou GP, Sanou A, Traore SS
Objectives: The purpose of this report is to evaluate the efficacy of primary ileostomy for treatment of typhoid-related ileal perforation based on our experience.
Methods: This retrospective study included all cases of typhoid-related ileal perforation treated by primary ileostomy in the Visceral Surgery Department of the Yalgado Ouedraogo Teaching Hospital in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso from January 2006 to June 2008. Diagnosis was based mainly on peroperative findings revealing specific anatomical lesions. There were 45 men (72.6%) and 17 women (27.4%) with a mean age of 26 years (range, 14 to 68). Asthenic forms were observed in 41 cases (66.1%) and sthenic forms in 21 (33.9%). The mean delay for seeking treatment was 6 days (range, 1 to 30 days).
Results: Primary ileostomy was used for treatment of typhoid-related ileal perforation in 78.5% of cases. Most cases (80.6%) involved single perforations. A temporary ileostomy was performed in 55 cases (88.7%) and terminal ileostomy was performed in 7 (11.3%). Complications were observed in 18 patients (29.03%) including suppuration of wall in 8 cases. The mean duration for re-establishing continuity and of hospital stay was 34 and 41 days respectively. Four deaths occurred due to hypovolemic shock.
Conclusion: In our department, primary ileostomy for typhoid-related ileal perforation reduced mortality despite high morbidity.
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