Emergence of Multi-Resistant Enteric Infection In A Paediatric Unit Of Karachi, Pakistan

AUTHOR

Sina Aziz & Laraib Malik

ABSTRACT

From June 2018, onwards, there has been an upsurge of multi-resistant enteric infections in children admitted from various catchment areas of Abbasi Shaheed Hospital (ASH). This is a serious concern as very few antibiotics are available to treat the children. Children from June 2018 to September 2018 of age groups 5.7 ± 2.84 (range 1.6 to 11 years), referred to ASH, for admission, with clinical suspicion of enteric fever and having received a third generation injectable cephalosporin by a general practitioner, for 5 days or more, with no response, and continuation of fever, were included. A total number of 137 patients had culture proven salmonella typhi, of whom 61(44.52%) showed sensitivity only to meropenem, 45 (32.8%) to azithromycin,13(9.4%)to fosfomycin, 11(8.02%) to Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, 5 patients showed sensitivity to ceftriaxone(3.64%) and one had sensitivity to amikacin. All patients were treated successfully for 10 days and discharged home. There were no reported complications at follow-up. Multi-Drug Resistance (MDR) enteric fever appears to be a major health concern in Karachi. Mass immunization with oral live attenuated Typhi 21a or injectable unconjugated Vi typhoid vaccine, rational use of antibiotics, improvement in public sanitation facilities, availability of clean drinking water, promotion of safe food handling practices and public health education are vital in the prevention of MDR enteric fever.

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