In 2008, the World Health Organization recommended the use of typhoid vaccines to control both endemic and epidemic disease.
Likewise, the WHO South East Asian Regional Office (SEARO) Immunization Technical Advisory Group (ITAG) prioritized typhoid vaccine for 'immediate' introduction in May, 2009.
The Indian Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Immunization (IAPCOI) also recommends the use of ViPS typhoid vaccines in children 2-15 years.
Despite these recommendations, typhoid vaccines are significantly underutilized.
Figure 1: Geographic Representation of Typhoid Vaccination Programs
Figure 2: Summary of Typhoid Vaccination Program, 1980 - present
Figure 3: Vaccinations Recommended for Hajj Pilgrims